Baseball & Softball


The elbow and shoulder undergo a tremendous amount of force with throwing. Injury to tendon, cartilage, bone and ligaments can occur because of this stress. About 50% of youth pitchers will develop pain from an overuse injury.

Preventing Injury for Baseball & Softball

Here are some tips for how to avoid injury while playing baseball or softball:

Don’t play through the pain

Talk to your coach or parents if you are having any pain. Overuse and playing while in pain can lead to a potentially permanent injury. Do not pitch and then play another heavy throwing position, such as catcher, third base, or shortstop, in the same game.

Warm up and cool down

Warm up before all practices and games by throwing lightly and progressively increasing the velocity and distance of your throw. Rest your arm for at least 24 hours after pitching and don’t practice pitching after a game.


Common Conditions for Baseball & Softball

Rotator Cuff Tear

The rotator cuff is a band of four muscles and their tendons that span from the wing bone to the upper arm bone to form a “cuff” around the shoulder joint. When injured or torn from repetitive use or a traumatic injury, the rotator cuff can cause pain and limit the function of the arm. This is most common in adults over the age of 40, especially in individuals who do a significant amount of activities requiring overhead motion.

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SLAP Tear

Lining the shoulder socket and extending beyond it is the labrum, a soft-fiber tissue rim providing support to the shoulder joint. A SLAP (Superior Labrum from Anterior to Posterior) tear is a specific type of injury to the labrum where it attaches to the bicep. This injury can occur from repetitive movement or from a trauma, such as a fall, heavy lifting or jerking.    

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Biceps Tendinopathy

Biceps tendonitis is inflammation of the long head of the biceps tendon. It usually occurs with other shoulder problems. As we age, our tendons slowly weaken with everyday wear and tear. The degeneration can worsen by overuse - repeating the same shoulder motions again and again.

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Medial Elbow Apophysitis

This injury occurs when repetitive throwing creates an excessively strong pull on the tendons and ligaments of the elbow. The young players may feel pain at the knobby bump on the inside of the elbow.

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