A bunion affects the joint of the big toe causing a painful bump to form on the inner side, and can eventually lead to deformity. Bunions can occur due to a variety of reasons including heredity, arthritis and injury. Symptomatic bunions are more prevalent in women – this may be due in part to wearing shoes that are too tight, compressing the toes together.
- Pain (mild to severe) in big toe or foot
- Pain can be constant, or happen periodically
- Sore bump on joint of big toe
- Restricted range of movement in big toe or foot
- Swelling and redness around joint in big toe
- Thickened skin at base of big toe
- Calluses or corns on first and second toes
Avoid sharply pointed shoes, high heels and shoes that are too small, instead choose shoes that allow enough room for all toes to move freely without being crowded.
Anti-Inflammatory medications may reduce pain and inflammation associated with this condition.
Certified Orthotists can custom fit padded shoe inserts to relieve pain and other symptoms associated with bunions, while preventing further damage.
If conservative treatment fails and pain persists, surgery may be recommended. The surgical procedure is meant to correct deformity, relieve pain and properly align the joint.
Certified Physical Therapists work closely with doctors to create an individualized program to maximize healing and restore function, strength and mobility.