Hip: Degenerative Joint Disease


Degenerative joint disease of the hip, also called osteoarthritis of the hip, is a disease that wears away the cartilage padding of the joint, eventually causing bone to rub against bone. Osteoarthritis can develop from a prior injury or fracture, from wear and tear from age, heredity, or overuse. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis affecting joint.




Signs and symptoms of an Degenerative Joint Disease may include:
  • Often, though not always, involves both hips
  • Pain in joint
  • Increased pain with activity
  • Stiffness in joint
  • Some swelling and tenderness to touch
  • Cracking or grinding sensation in the joint
Self-Care

Modifying activity, or following a prescribed exercise program, to help relieve pain and swelling.

Medications

Medication can address symptoms of arthritis, but cannot cure the underlying cartilage and joint damage. Most commonly anti-inflammatory medications are used to decrease swelling and pain. Additional supplements such as glucosamine and/or chondroitin may also be recommended.

Injections

Corticosteroid injections to the affected portion of the elbow can provide short-term pain relief and reduced inflammation in the joint, when medication is ineffective or not an option.

Supports

Orthotists can custom fit a splint, brace or other advanced support for the arthritic joint. These items provide support and limit stress placed on the joint during activity.

Physical Therapy

Certified Physical Therapists work closely with doctors to create an individualized program to maximize healing and restore function, strength and mobility.

Surgery

A variety of surgical procedures can provide long-term pain relief and mobility, when non-operative treatment is no longer an option. Depending on the progression of damage, surgery options include joint replacement, resurfacing joint replacement or osteotomy, cutting and realigning joint surface, to provide pain relief and restore joint mobility.