When a shoulder is dislocated, the normal ball in socket formation is disrupted. The injury occurs when the ball is forced forward, backward or downward out of the shoulder socket. Dislocations can be partial or full, but both cause pain and instability. Very commonly, dislocations are the result of a sports-related injury or fall.
- Pain and swelling in shoulder
- Weakness and/or numbness
- Forearm turns outward, when arm is placed at the side
A doctor will put the shoulder joint back in place by pushing the ball of the upper arm back into the socket.
The doctor may recommend icing and resting the shoulder to reduce swelling and pain in the area.
A sling or other advanced support for the shoulder can reduce motion, allowing the shoulder to rest and begin the healing process. If you dislocate your shoulder often, the doctor may also recommend a brace.
Certified Physical Therapists work closely with doctors to create an individualized program to maximize healing and restore function, strength and mobility.
When other treatments fail, surgery may be considered to fix the damaged ligaments in the joint, giving the joint more stability.