Patellofemoral pain syndrome primarily affects individuals who tend to overuse their knees such as runners, cyclists, skiers and others whose activities involve running and jumping. It encompasses a group of conditions that impact the area surrounding the kneecap. This results in damage, strain or inflammation of the structures, which leads to pain.
- Dull or aching pain around the kneecap
- Pain can increase with activity, and when flexing the knee fully
- Decreased range of movement in kneecap
- Cracking or grinding sound in knee when moving
- Slight swelling
The doctor may suggest resting, icing, elevating, modifying or limiting activity, and compression on the injured knee.
Anti-inflammatory medication can address symptoms of pain and swelling.
A variety of supports such as a brace, sleeve, special footwear, Orthoticsand/or other advanced support can help stabilize the knee while the healing process begins.
Certified Physical Therapists work closely with doctors to create an individualized program to maximize healing and restore function, strength and mobility.
When conservative treatment fails to adequately address symptoms, surgery may be recommended. Types of surgery for patellofemoral pain syndrome include arthroscopy, removing or smoothing damaged cartilage, and realignment, reducing pressure by adjusting the kneecap to proper position.