The ankle joint is held in place by ligaments which stabilize it. When these ligaments are stretched beyond what they can bear from a sudden twist, turn or rolling of the ankle, the result is a sprain. Depending on the severity, this could even include the ligament being torn.
- Pain, increased with activity
- Tenderness to touch
- Reduced range of movement
- Feeling that the ankle is unstable
- Sound of a "pop" may be heard at time of injury
The doctor may recommend resting, elevating, icing and putting compression on the ankle.
Anti-Inflammatory medications may reduce pain and inflammation associated with this injury.
A cast, splint or other advanced support may be used to limit the foot movement during activity, and allow for the healing process to begin.
Certified Physical Therapists work closely with doctors to create an individualized program to maximize healing and restore function, strength and mobility.
When conservative treatment fails, which is rare, the doctor may suggest surgery. Surgical intervention involves procedures such as arthroscopy or reconstruction to assess and repair damaged ligaments or other structures.